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I want to take this time to show many of the times John pulls from Old Testament just in chapter 1. Maybe if you can see this you will better grasp what is meant by Revelation of Messiah Y'shua or "the revealing of the Messiah" and hopefully, this will engage you to go and study this amazing book for yourself by using only Scripture and history.

I'm going to give you the exact verse being quoted but remember that many of these references are
remez's which means they are still dependent upon the context of the text the quote was pulled from. You need to go read that text in its original Old Testament context and get a better understanding of what is being referenced by the quote.

The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 2 who testifies to everything he saw—that is, the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near.
4 John, To the seven churches in the province of Asia:
Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits before his throne, 5 and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.
To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood, 6 and has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve his God and Father —to him be glory and power for ever and ever! Amen.
7 “Look, he is coming with the clouds,”
[Daniel 7:13]
and “every eye will see him,
even those who pierced him”;
and all peoples on earth “will mourn because of him.”
[Zechariah 12:10]
So shall it be! Amen.
8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.”
9 I, John, your brother and companion in the suffering and kingdom and patient endurance that are ours in Jesus, was
[past tense - was] on the island of Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet, 11 which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”
12 I turned around to see the voice that was speaking to me. And when I turned I saw seven golden lampstands, 13 and among the lampstands was someone like a son of man, dressed in a robe reaching down to his feet and with a golden sash around his chest.
[Daniel 10:5] 14 The hair on his head was white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire.[ Daniel 10:6] 15 His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace,[Daniel 10:6] and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters.[Ezekiel 43:2] 16 In his right hand he held seven stars [A reference to Roman culture, of their pagan belief of the seven stars controlling the universe], and coming out of his mouth was a sharp, double-edged sword.[Isaiah 49:2] His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance.
17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. Then he placed his right hand on me and said: “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last. 18 I am the Living One; I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.
19 “Write, therefore, what you have seen, what is now and what will take place later. 20 The mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches [remember, Christ is the head of the church, or controls the universe], and the seven lampstands are the seven churches
[This is a common image of the menorah which symbolized the presence of God which wolves and dwells in the community of His people].

As we can see, there are quite a few references to the Old Testament and I've probably missed a few. Revelation is the revealing of Messiah and draws off of what was recorded in the Old Testament. If we understand this, it makes understanding Revelation much easier.

If you are sitting in a class on Revelation ask the instructor if you need the Old Testament. If he says, "no" then go ahead and leave because you might as well be doing something else.